Gender-job satisfaction differences across Europe: An indicator for labour market modernization

  • Kaiser L
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Purpose – The primary objective of this study is to test whether gender differences in job satisfaction are assignable to variations in labour market and welfare state regimes in the light of genderrelated labour market modernization. Design/methodology/approach – Using data derived from the European Household Community Panel (EHCP) and covering 14 member states of the European Union the study constructs a series of summary statistics to lay the foundation for the analysis. An ordinary orderedprobit regression model is employed to test for the (non) emergence of a genderjob satisfaction paradox. Findings – The results suggest that objective (socioeconomic and institutional) determinants of labour market status and subjective (assessed and evaluated) perspectives are mutually complementary. The more restrictive the labour market access and process is for women, the more likely a genderjob satisfaction paradox is to emerge in any country. Equal opportunities for women and men (such as those observed in Scandinavian countries) indicate that the genderjob satisfaction paradox does not appear anymore due to a fadingout process over past decades, which was driven by appropriate institutional labour market interventions. Originality/value – The genderjob satisfaction paradox was confirmed for the UK, whereas little has been done to test this hypothesis on a crossnational basis. This investigation thus fills the gap in the empirical literature.

Author-supplied keywords

  • European Union
  • Gender
  • Job satisfaction
  • Labour market

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  • Lutz C. Kaiser

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