Both the full-length and B domain-deleted cDNA of factor VIII were constructed in plasmid pcDNA3, respectively, and successfully expressed in Cos-7 cells. The yield of recombinant factor VIII-deltaB (0.4 U/mL/10(6) cells/day) was approximately four times higher than that of the recombinant factor VIII. In addition, it was indicated that the gene expression of factor VIII is specific for cells from different tissues. The highest expression level was found in the hepatocellular carcinoma line SMMC-7721, followed by kidney, ovary, and lung cell lines. To compare the efficiency of gene expression of recombinant factor VIII, the factor VIII-deltaB gene was further reconstructed in different forms in the expression plasmid pCMV-dhfr for transient gene expression in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The redundant 5'- and 3'-untranslated sequences of factor VIII-deltaB were deleted. The cDNA encoding the heavy and light chains of factor VIII were constructed, respectively. Among them the high yield of the recombinant factor VIII was found in the coexpression of the heavy and light chain cDNA fragments of factor VIII. The deletion of the redundant 5'-untranslated sequence of factor VIII-deltaB was also beneficial for gene expression. As expected, the gene coexpression of factor VIII-deltaB and von Willibrand Factor cloned by the long-polymerase chain reaction method was also helpful for enhancing the expression level of recombinant factor VIII. A monoclonal antibody raised against factor VIII was prepared and used for the specific assay of recombinant factor VIII by the competitive ELISA method, the assay results were consistent with those determined by the one-stage bioassay.
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