Journal article

Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple

Perdew J, Burke K, Ernzerhof M, Calandra M, Car R, Cavazzoni C, Ceresoli D, Chiarotti G, Cococcioni M, Dabo I, Corso A, Gironcoli S, Fabris S, Fratesi G, Gebauer R, Gerstmann U, Gougoussis C, Kokalj A, Lazzeri M, Martin-Samos L, Marzari N, Mauri F, Mazzarello R, Paolini S, Pasquarello A, Paulatto L, Sbraccia C, Scandolo S, Sclauzero G, Seitsonen A, Smogunov A, Umari P, Wentzcovitch R ...see all

Physical Review Letters, vol. 77, issue 18 (1996) pp. 3865-3868 Published by American Association for the Advancement of Science

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The ultimate speed limit in electronic circuitry is set by the motion of the electrons themselves. Schultze et al. applied attosecond spectroscopy to glimpse this motion in a sample of silicon, the semiconducting building block of modern integrated circuits (see the Perspective by Spielmann). The technique distinguished the electron dynamics—which proceed faster than a quadrillionth of a second after laser excitation—from the comparatively slower lattice motion of the silicon atomic nuclei.

Science , this issue p. [1348][1]; see also p. [1293][2]

[1]: /lookup/volpage/346/1348?iss=6215
[2]: /lookup/volpage/346/1293?iss=6215

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  • John P. Perdew

  • Kieron Burke

  • Matthias Ernzerhof

  • M. Calandra

  • R. Car

  • C. Cavazzoni

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