A German national prevalence study on the cost of intensive care: an evaluation from 51 intensive care units.

  • Moerer O
  • Plock E
  • Mgbor U
 et al. 
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Intensive care unit (ICU) costs account for up to 20% of a hospital's
costs. We aimed to analyse the individual patient-related cost of
intensive care at various hospital levels and for different groups
of disease.Data from 51 ICUs all over Germany (15 primary care hospitals
and 14 general care hospitals, 10 maximal care hospitals and 12 focused
care hospitals) were collected in an observational, cross-sectional,
one-day point prevalence study by two external study physicians (January-October
2003). All ICU patients (length of stay > 24 hours) treated on the
study day were included. The reason for admission, severity of illness,
surgical/diagnostic procedures, resource consumption, ICU/hospital
length of stay, outcome and ICU staffing structure were documented.Altogether
453 patients were included. ICU (hospital) mortality was 12.1% (15.7%).
The reason for admission and the severity of illness differed between
the hospital levels of care, with a higher amount of unscheduled
surgical procedures and patients needing mechanical ventilation in
maximal care hospital and focused care hospital facilities. The mean
total costs per day were euro 791 +/- 305 (primary care hospitals,
euro 685 +/- 234; general care hospitals, euro 672 +/- 199; focused
care hospitals, euro 816 +/- 363; maximal care hospitals, euro 923
+/- 306), with the highest cost in septic patients (euro 1,090 +/-
422). Differences were associated with staffing, the amount of prescribed
drugs/blood products and diagnostic procedures.The reason for admission,
the severity of illness and the occurrence of severe sepsis are directly
related to the level of ICU cost. A high fraction of costs result
from staffing (up to 62%). Specialized and maximum care hospitals
treat a higher proportion of the more severely ill and most expensive

Author-supplied keywords

  • Aged; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Germany; Ho
  • Hospital
  • economics/statistics /&/ numerical data; Intensiv
  • economics/statistics /&/ numerical data; Length o
  • statistics /&/ numerical data; Humans; Intensive
  • statistics /&/ numerical data; Male; Medical Staf
  • statistics /&/ numerical data; Middle Aged; Nursi
  • statistics /&/ numerical data; Patient Transfer
  • statistics /&/ numerical data; Prevalence; Severi

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  • Onnen Moerer

  • Enno Plock

  • Uchenna Mgbor

  • Alexandra Schmid

  • Heinz Schneider

  • Manfred Bernd Wischnewsky

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