Global Surgery 2030: evidence and solutions for achieving health, welfare, and economic development provides a compelling ar- gument that surgery is an indispensable part of a functional health system for countries at all stages of develop- ment. In most low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) access to safe, affordable surgical care when needed remains out of reach for over 90% of the population. In the absence of surgical services, common, treat- able conditions such as appendicitis, broken bones, and obstructed labour have high death rates. In addition to the health impacts, untreated surgical conditions significantly affect economic productivity, growth, and develop- ment. The Global Surgery 2030 report shows that without urgent scale-up of surgical care, LMICs will have pro- jected economic losses from surgical conditions estimated at $12.3 trillion dollars (2010, US$, PPP) between 2015-2030, reducing annual income growth by as much as 2% in some countries. However the report also out- lines that scale-up of surgical care in LMICs over the next fifteen years is affordable, cost-effective, feasible, and can result in widespread health, welfare and economic returns on investment, both for individuals and their countries.
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