Glucose transport in Acholeplasma laidlawii B: dependence on the fluidity and physical state of membrane lipids.

  • Read B
  • McElhaney R
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Abstract

The uptake of D-glucose by Acholeplasma laidlawii B occurs via a mediated transport process, as shown by the following observations: (i) glucose permeates A. laidlawii B cells at a rate at least 100 times greater than would be expected if its entry occurred only by simple passive diffusion; (ii) the apparent activation energy for glucose uptake in A. laidlawii is significantly lower than that expected and observed for the passive permeation of this sugar; (iii) glucose uptake appears to be a saturable process; (iv) glucose uptake can be completely inhibited by low concentrations of phloretin and phlorizin; and (v) glucose uptake is markedly inhibited at temperatures above 45 C, whereas the passive entry of erythritol continues to increase logarithmically until at least 60 C. The metabolism of D-glucose by this organism is rapid and, at low glucose concentrations, the intracellular radioactivity derived from D-[14-C]glucose is at any given time a reflection of the net effect of glucose transport, glucose metabolism, and loss from the cell of radioactive metabolic products. Care must thus be taken when attempting to determine the rate of glucose transport by measuring the accumulation by the cells of the total radioactivity derived from D-[14-C]glucose. The rate of uptake of D-glucose by A. laidlawii B cells is markedly dependent on the fatty acid composition and cholesterol content of the plasma membrane and exhibits a direct dependence on the fluidity of the membrane lipids as measured by their reversible, thermotropic gel to liquie-crystalline phase transition temperatures. In contrast to the transport rates, the apparent activation energy for glucose uptake above the phase transition temperature is not dependent on membrane lipid composition. At the temperature range within the membrane lipid phase transition region, the apparent activation energy of glucose uptake is different from the activation energy observed at temperatures above the phase transition. This may reflect the superimposed operation within the phase transition region of more than one temperature-dependent process

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  • PUI: 5521878
  • ISSN: 00219193
  • SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-0016531398
  • SGR: 0016531398
  • PMID: 237881

Authors

  • B. D. Read

  • R. N. McElhaney

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