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Gynecomastia: An update

Pearlman G, Carlson H ...see all

Endocrinologist, vol. 16, issue 2 (2006) pp. 109-115 Published by Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

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Abstract

Gynecomastia is a common condition that is frequently evaluated by endocrinologists. In most cases, male breast enlargement results from an excess of stimulatory estrogenic influences over inhibitory androgenic effects on the breast. Diagnostic evaluation is directed at excluding breast malignancy and establishing the cause of the gynecomastia. Medical therapy with tamoxifen appears to be frequently effective. Copyright Ac 2006 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Author-supplied keywords

  • *gynecomastia/co [Complication]
  • *gynecomastia/di [Diagnosis]
  • *gynecomastia/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • *gynecomastia/ep [Epidemiology]
  • *gynecomastia/pc [Prevention]
  • *gynecomastia/rt [Radiotherapy]
  • *gynecomastia/si [Side Effect]
  • *gynecomastia/su [Surgery]
  • Human immunodeficiency virus infection/dt [Drug Th
  • Hypogonadism/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • Ketoconazole/pd [Pharmacology]
  • Leydig cell tumor/di [Diagnosis]
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • RNA directed DNA polymerase inhibitor/dt [Drug The
  • United States
  • adrenal metastasis/di [Diagnosis]
  • adrenal tumor/di [Diagnosis]
  • adrenal tumor/su [Surgery]
  • aging
  • amiodarone/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • anastrozole/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • androgen/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • androgen/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • androgen/pd [Pharmacology]
  • antiandrogen/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • antiestrogen/do [Drug Dose]
  • antiestrogen/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • antiestrogen/pd [Pharmacology]
  • antiretrovirus agent/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • antiretrovirus agent/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • aromatase inhibitor/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • bicalutamide/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • breast
  • breast augmentation
  • breast cancer/co [Complication]
  • breast cancer/di [Diagnosis]
  • breast cancer/ep [Epidemiology]
  • breast disease/di [Diagnosis]
  • calcium channel blocking agent/ae [Adverse Drug Re
  • central nervous system agents/ae [Adverse Drug Rea
  • chorionic gonadotropin/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • chorionic gonadotropin/pd [Pharmacology]
  • chronic kidney failure
  • cimetidine/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • cimetidine/pd [Pharmacology]
  • cytotoxic agent/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • cytotoxic agent/pd [Pharmacology]
  • danazol/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • demography
  • diabetes mellitus/di [Diagnosis]
  • diagnostic procedure
  • diethylstilbestrol/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • differential diagnosis
  • dose response
  • drug blood level
  • drug efficacy
  • drug inhibition
  • efavirenz/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • endocrine disease
  • endocrinologist
  • endocrinology
  • erythema/co [Complication]
  • estrogen derivative/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • estrogen derivative/cr [Drug Concentration]
  • estrogen derivative/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • estrogen derivative/pd [Pharmacology]
  • flutamide/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • flutamide/pd [Pharmacology]
  • gynecomastia
  • health practitioner
  • hemodialysis
  • human
  • hyperthyroidism
  • hypogonadism/co [Complication]
  • isoniazid/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • isoniazid/pd [Pharmacology]
  • ketoconazole/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • leuprorelin/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • liver cirrhosis/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • male breast
  • medical assessment
  • metronidazole/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • metronidazole/pd [Pharmacology]
  • pain/co [Complication]
  • physical examination
  • prostate cancer/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • proteinase inhibitor/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • puberty
  • radiation dose
  • raloxifene/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • refeeding syndrome
  • review
  • sex hormone/cr [Drug Concentration]
  • sex hormone/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • skin cancer/co [Complication]
  • skin irritation/co [Complication]
  • spironolactone/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • spironolactone/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • spironolactone/pd [Pharmacology]
  • stavudine/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • tamoxifen
  • tamoxifen/do [Drug Dose]
  • tamoxifen/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • tamoxifen/pd [Pharmacology]
  • therapy
  • thyrotoxicosis/et [Etiology]
  • unindexed drug
  • university

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Authors

  • G Pearlman

  • H E Carlson

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