What H . M . Taught Us

  • Eichenbaum H
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Abstract

Studies on H.M. generated five main findings: that memory is a distinct psychological function, that amnesia spares short-term and working memory, that amnesia is an impairment of declarative and episodic memory, that the hippocampus is a core brain structure supporting memory, and that the hippocampus supports the permanent consolidation of memories. Each of these basic findings has recently been challenged, but a consideration of these studies suggests the new observations serve to support the original findings on H.M. and improve our understanding of the memory functions of the hippocampal system.

Author-supplied keywords

  • 20th Century
  • 21st Century
  • Amnesia
  • Amnesia: pathology
  • Amnesia: physiopathology
  • Animals
  • Hippocampus
  • Hippocampus: pathology
  • Hippocampus: physiopathology
  • History
  • Humans
  • Memory
  • Memory: physiology
  • Neuropsychology
  • Neuropsychology: history

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Authors

  • Howard Eichenbaum

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