Hansen's disease (leprosy) complicated by secondary mycobacterial infection

  • Scollard D
  • Stryjewska B
  • Prestigiacomo J
 et al. 
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Abstract

A patient with Hansen's disease received corticosteroids for a type 1 leprosy reaction and subsequently developed a new cutaneous lesion at the original biopsy site from which Mycobacterium fortuitum was cultured. A review of the literature found only two other cases of coinfection with atypical mycobacteria and Mycobacterium leprae, although there are many reports of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with leprosy. This case highlights the diagnostic difficulties encountered when a patient has two different mycobacterial infections of the skin. The published experience emphasizes that such coinfection is remarkably uncommon in leprosy, despite the frequent use of high doses of corticosteroids for leprosy reactions. © 2009 by the American Academy of Dermatology, Inc.

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Authors

  • David M. Scollard

  • Barbara M. Stryjewska

  • John F. Prestigiacomo

  • Thomas P. Gillis

  • Jennifer Waguespack-Labiche

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