Hardiness training facilitates performance in college

  • Maddi S
  • Harvey R
  • Khoshaba D
 et al. 
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In 25 years of research and practice, hardiness has emerged as a pattern of attitudes and skills that is a pathway to resilience under stressful circumstances. As such, it is important to determine whether hardiness can be trained, and if such training improves performance and health. The few relevant studies available thus far have suggested this training effectiveness among working adults and students. Furthering this theme, the present study involves a large sample of undergraduate students, comparing those who experienced hardiness training as a regular credit course, with those who went through other courses taught by the same teachers. At the beginning of the courses, these two groups did not differ in demographics, hardiness levels, or grade-point-average (GPA). At the end of the courses, the Hardiness Training Group showed higher levels of hardiness, and GPA than did the Comparison Group. This improvement in GPA for the Hardiness Training Group persisted over the following 2-year period, even controlling for GPA and hardiness level prior to the training, and the grade received in the training. These results suggest the importance of hardiness training in facilitating a major indicator of excellent performance in college life. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)

Author-supplied keywords

  • Grade-point-average
  • Hardiness assessment
  • Hardiness training

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  • Salvatore R. Maddi

  • Richard H. Harvey

  • Deborah M. Khoshaba

  • Mostafa Fazel

  • Nephthys Resurreccion

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