Health risk assessment of inorganic arsenic intake of ronphibun residents via duplicate diet study

  • Saipan P
  • Ruangwises S
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess health risk from exposure to inorganic arsenic via duplicate portion sampling method in Ronphibun residents. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A hundred and forty samples (140 subject-days) were collected from participants in Ronphibun sub-district. Inorganic arsenic in duplicate diet sample was determined by acid digestion and hydride generation-atomic absorption spectrometry. Deterministic risk assessment is referenced throughout the present paper using United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) guidelines. RESULTS: The average daily dose and lifetime average daily dose of inorganic arsenic via duplicate diet were 0.0021 mg/kg/d and 0.00084 mg/kg/d, respectively. The risk estimates in terms of hazard quotient was 6.98 and cancer risk was 1.26 x 10(-3). CONCLUSION: The results of deterministic risk characterization both hazard quotient and cancer risk from exposure inorganic arsenic in duplicate diets were greater than safety risk levels of hazard quotient (1) and cancer risk (1 x 10(-4)).

Author-supplied keywords

  • Duplicate diet
  • Inorganic arsenic
  • Risk assessment
  • Ronphibun

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