Heart rate recovery from 1 minute of exercise in children and adults

  • E. B
  • D.M. C
  • S. Z
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Abstract

Previous studies demonstrated that the time required for oxygen uptake, CO2 production, and minute ventilation to return to baseline levels after 1-min bursts of exercise is different in children compared with adults. To test the hypothesis that the heart rate (HR) recovery time after exercise is also different in children compared with adults, we examined HR in 10 children (range 7-11 y old) and 12 adults (26-42 y old) for 10 min after 1 min of cycle ergometer exercise. Each subject exercised at work rates corresponding to 80% of the lactate or anaerobic threshold (AT), 50% of the difference between AT and maximal O2 uptake (DELTA), 100% of maximal uptake, and 125% of maximal uptake. Gas exchange was measured breath by breath. In adults, the HR recovery time increased significantly with work intensity as judged by the time constant of a single exponential curve fit to postburst-exercise HR [23 +/- 8 (SD) s at 80% AT, 55 +/- 16 at 50%DELTA, 74 +/- 13 at 100% of maximal uptake, and 83 +/- 20 at 125% of maximal uptake]. HR recovery time tended to increase with work intensity in children (16 +/- 7, 20 +/- 4, 23 +/- 7, and 27 +/- 9; for 80%AT, 50%DELTA, 100% of maximal uptake, and 125% of maximal uptake respectively), but to a much smaller extent, and the HR recovery time was significantly smaller in children in the high-intensity (above AT) range of exercise (p < 0.001). Despite the markedly faster recoveries in children, the time course of the O2 pulse (VO2/HR) was indistinguishable between children and adults. These data suggest that the regulation of HR after high-intensity exercise is different in children compared with adults, and that the pulsatile delivery of O2 to the tissues is controlled during the growth period.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *exercise
  • *heart rate
  • adult
  • article
  • bicycle
  • comparative study
  • controlled study
  • female
  • human
  • human experiment
  • male
  • normal human
  • priority journal
  • school child

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Authors

  • Baraldi E.

  • Cooper D.M.

  • Zanconato S.

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