Herding and agricultural activities at the early neolithic site of Ayn Abu Nukhayla (Wadi Rum, Jordan). The results of phytolith and spherulite analyses

  • Henry D
  • Albert R
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The Pre-Pottery Neolithic B site of Ayn Ab Nukhayla (Wadi Rum, Jordan) contains large structural installations defined by rock walls (loci) that are interconnected and differ in design and construction. One of the questions that arose from their study was how to identify possible herding and agricultural activities and their spatial relationship to the architecture of the site. The combined study of phytoliths and spherulites identified from Locus 2 and Locus 20 and of a dry lake (Qa’) located 1,3 km east of the site is presented here. Different uses are traced for the two loci. Locus 2 appears to have served as a residential structure accompanied by domestic activ- ities that included cereal grinding and preparation of other plant resources. In contrast, Locus 20 seems to have been used as a pen for herding animals (sheep/goat) in conjunction with other activities. The Qa’ sediments provide a well dated succession with phytolith, spherulite, pollen and diatom data

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  • Donald O. Henry

  • Rosa Maria Albert

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