High durability of Pt/graphitized carbon catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells prepared by the nanocapsule method

  • Yano H
  • Akiyama T
  • Watanabe M
 et al. 
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Abstract

Monodisperse Pt nanoparticles supported on a graphitized carbon black (GCB; 150 m2g-1), which exhibits higher resistance to carbon corrosion than a conventional high-surface-area carbon black (CB; 800 m2g-1), were prepared by the nanocapsule method. At the practical temperature of 65 °C for polymer electrolyte fuel cells, three kinds of 50 wt.%-Pt loaded catalysts [our nanocapsule Pt/GCB (n-Pt/GCB), a commercial Pt/GCB (c-Pt/GCB), and a commercial Pt/CB (c-Pt/CB)] were subjected to a durability test by a standard potential step protocol (E = 0.9 V ↔ 1.3 V vs. RHE, holding 30 s at each E) in N2-purged 0.1 M HClO4solution. After a given number of the potential step cycles N, changes in the electrochemically active area (ECA), the kinetically-controlled mass activities (MA) for the oxygen reduction reaction, and H2O2yield at Nafion-coated film electrodes of these catalysts were examined at 65 °C by the multi-channel flow double electrode (M-CFDE) method. The N value at which the slowly decreasing MA0.8Vfor n-Pt/GCB reached 1/2 of the initial level was 19 times larger than that for c-Pt/GCB and 156 times larger than that for c-Pt/CB. The value of H2O2yield at n-Pt/GCB was the lowest among the catalysts examined. The highly uniform distribution and monodisperse nature of the Pt particles on the GCB support are the most essential factors for the excellent durability of n-Pt/GCB. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Durability
  • Graphitized carbon support
  • Oxygen reduction reaction
  • Pt catalyst

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