High resolution study of micrometer particle detachment on different surfaces

  • Kassab A
  • Ugaz V
  • King M
 et al. 
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Abstract

In an effort to identify particle initial motion prior liftoff interactions of micrometer glass beads (10–100 μm) on glass, ceramic, and hardwood substrates were investigated experimentally. Particles were deposited on the lower surface of a 10 cm2 wind tunnel by gravitational settling. Air flows were imposed from an open entrance at average velocities up to 16 m/s. Individual particle trajectories obtained by high-speed imaging reveal three different types of motion: rolling/bouncing (saltation caused by the movement of hard particles over an uneven surface in a turbulent flow of air), immediate liftoff (particles completely leave the surface with no or minimal initial rolling/bouncing) and complex motion (particles travel with rolling/bouncing motion on the surface for a certain distance before final liftoff). Surface roughness significantly affects the particle initial motion prior to liftoff. The majority of particle trajectories from the glass substrate were parallel to the surface with complex motio...

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