BACKGROUND: Ridge preservation can minimize the loss of alveolar bone subsequent to tooth extraction in preparation for implant therapy. The purpose of this study is to histologically and clinically compare human demineralized bone matrix (DBM) putty with one size of bone particles (SPS) to human DBM putty with two different sizes of bone particles (multiple particle sizes [MPS]) in ridge preservation after molar extractions.
METHODS: Molar tooth extraction and ridge preservation were performed in 20 participants for each treatment group. Approximately 20 weeks after grafting, core biopsies were obtained during implant placement and analyzed under light microscopy. Specimens were analyzed for the percentage area of vital bone, residual graft particles, and non-mineralized structures (connective tissue/other non-mineralized tissue [CT]). Changes in alveolar ridge dimensions were also determined.
RESULTS: Sixteen participants in the SPS group and 14 in the MPS group completed the study. The SPS group had a mean of 49% vital bone, 8% residual graft, and 43% CT. The MPS group had 53%, 5%, and 42%, respectively. Patients in both groups lost a mean of
CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that addition of larger bone particles to DBM putty does not offer additional benefit in the preservation of alveolar bone after the extraction of molar teeth.
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