Hoarding behavior among young children with obsessive–compulsive disorder

  • Frank H
  • Stewart E
  • Walther M
 et al. 
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Research has highlighted the role of emotion regulation as a common factor underlying emotional disorders. The current study examined the relationship of emotion regulation skills to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms. Seven participants with a principal diagnosis of OCD in a multiple-baseline across subjects design were taught the skill of prevention of emotional avoidance in the context of emotion provocation procedures to clinically irrelevant (nonspecific) cues prior to practicing this skill with clinically relevant (OCD-specific) cues. Results suggested successful acquisition of emotion regulation skills (as evidenced by decreased thought suppression and increased acceptance of thoughts and feelings) in clinically irrelevant contexts. Acquisition of this skill was associated with decreases in obsessive-compulsive symptoms, even though clinically relevant cues were not introduced during this phase. Implementation of skills in clinically relevant contexts was associated with greater reductions in OCD symptoms. Discussion focuses on implications for emotion regulatory processes in the maintenance and treatment of emotional disorders.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Anxiety
  • Anxiety: psychology
  • Behavior Therapy
  • Children
  • Cognition
  • Cues
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disord
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Hoarding
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models
  • OCD
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: psychology
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: therapy
  • Patient Selection
  • Personality Assessment
  • Psychological
  • Questionnaires

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  • Hannah Frank

  • Elyse Stewart

  • Michael Walther

  • Kristen Benito

  • Jennifer Freeman

  • Christine Conelea

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