Homo erectus calvarium from the Pleistocene of Java

  • Baba H
  • Aziz F
  • Kaifu Y
 et al. 
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A Homo erectus calvarium [Sambungmacan 4 (Sm 4)] was recovered from Pleistocene sediments at Sambungmacan in central Java. Micro–computed tomography analysis shows a modern human–like cranial base flexion associ- ated with a low platycephalic vault, implying that the evolution of human cranial globularity was independent of cranial base flexion. The overall mor- phology of Sm 4 is intermediate between that of earlier and later Javanese Homo erectus; apparent morphological specializations are more strongly ex- pressed in the latter. This supports the hypothesis that later Pleistocene Jav- anese populations were substantially isolated and made minimal contributions to the ancestry of modern humans. Javanese

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  • Hisao Baba

  • Fachroel Aziz

  • Yousuke Kaifu

  • Gen Suwa

  • Reiko T. Kono

  • Teuku Jacobs

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