Hour-specific bilirubin nomogram in infants with ABO incompatibility and direct coombs-positive results

  • Schutzman D
  • Sekhon R
  • Hundalani S
  • 18

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 5

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the usefulness of the hour-specific Bhutani et al bilirubin nomogram when applied to infants with Coombs-positive test results. Design: Retrospective chart review. Setting: Term nursery and neonatal intensive care unit of a university-affiliated hospital. Patients: All infants with Aϩ or Bϩ blood type born in our center from September 1, 2006, through August 31, 2008, to mothers with Oϩ blood. Outcomes: Proportion of infants with Coombs-positive results from the nomogram zones who re-quired phototherapy and comparison of the percentage of infants with Coombs-positive results in each zone with the percentage of those with Coombs-negative results in each zone. Results: A total of 240 infants with Coombs-positive and 460 with Coombs-negative results having a gestational age of 35 weeks or older were evaluated. Sensitivity and specificity of data for infants with direct Coombs-positive results in zone 4 (high risk; 74.2% and 97.1%) and those for infants in zones 3 (high-intermediate risk) and 4 combined (96.7% and 83.7%) compared favor-ably with the data from the Bhutani et al cohort, which had direct Coombs-negative results (54.0% and 96.2% for zone 4; 90.5% and 84.7% for zones 3 and 4 com-bined). The likelihood ratio for infants with direct Coombs-positive results in zone 4, 25.8 (95% confi-dence interval, 11.4-58.4), was twice that of the Bhutani et al cohort, 14.1 (11.0-18.1). The nomogram per-formed well in directing the timing of bilirubin level fol-low-up. All infants in zones 3 and 4 with Coombs-positive results were followed up after hospital discharge. None required an exchange transfusion or developed bil-irubin encephalopathy. Conclusions: The Bhutani et al bilirubin nomogram re-liably identified infants at gestational age of older than 35 weeks with direct Coombs-positive results who were at risk for significant hyperbilirubinemia and directed the timing of follow-up for these infants. This finding has di-rect clinical applicability to the health care professional practicing in the newborn nursery.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • David L. Schutzman

  • Romal Sekhon

  • Shilpa Hundalani

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free