Cancer treatment plans mainly include chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery, which exert serious adverse reactions immediately or during the long term after cancer therapy in many patients. In several cases, treatment-related adverse effects outweigh treatment benefits and worsen the patient's condition. This problem is not avoidable with current cancer therapy procedures; therefore, improved understanding and earlier prevention and reversion of treatment-related complications are particularly important before the lesions become progressive and irreversible. Mesenchymal stromal cell therapy is very promising in recent clinical research and investigations. Their potential properties such as regenerative and reparative functions and anti-inflammatory activity make them proper candidates for cell therapy to recover cancer patients from treatment-related adverse effects or may even prevent them. This article discuss benefits of applying human mesenchymal stromal cell therapy after current cancer treatment plans, with the purpose of prevention and healing of adverse reactions, faster patient recovery after radio/chemotherapy, reducing rates of treatment failure and cancer recurrence and increasing patient quality of life after treatment cessation.
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