Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2007

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We present Wave menus, a variant of multi-stroke marking menus designed for improving the novice mode of marking while preserving
their efficiency in the expert mode of marking. Focusing on the novice mode, a criteria-based analysis of existing marking
menus motivates the design of Wave menus. Moreover a user experiment is presented that compares four hierarchical marking
menus in novice mode. Results show that Wave and compound-stroke menus are significantly faster and more accurate than multi-stroke
menus in novice mode, while it has been shown that in expert mode the multi-stroke menus and therefore the Wave menus outperform
the compound-stroke menus. Wave menus also require significantly less screen space than compound-stroke menus. As a conclusion,
Wave menus offer the best performance for both novice and expert modes in comparison with existing multi-level marking menus,
while requiring less screen space than compound-stroke menus.

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