Men receiving radiation for prostate cancer frequently want to know what steps they can take to optimize their chance of cure and reduce their risk of side effects. A variety of modifiable behaviors, medications, and complementary alternative medicine interventions have been investigated in this regard. In this review, we summarize data on tobacco use, exercise, statins and aspirin, and vitamins. There is limited randomized data supporting any of the interventions and additional studies are needed before clinicians can confidently inform their patients regarding what steps to take to improve their outcomes. © 2013.
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