Neuromedin U is a neuropeptide prominently expressed in the upper gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system. Recently, GPR66/FM-3 (NmU-R1) was identified as a specific receptor for neuromedin U. A BLAST search of the GenBank(TM) genomic database using the NmU-R1 cDNA sequence revealed a human genomic fragment encoding a G protein-coupled receptor that we designated NmU-R2 based on its homology to NmU-R1. The full-length NmU-R2 cDNA was subsequently cloned, stably expressed in 293 cells, and shown to mobilize intracellular calcium in response to neuromedin U. This response was dose-dependent (EC(50) = 5 nm) and specific in that other neuromedins did not induce a calcium flux in receptor-transfected cells. Expression analysis of human NmU-R2 demonstrated its mRNA to be most highly expressed in central nervous system tissues. Based on these data, we conclude that NmU-R2 is a novel neuromedin U receptor subtype that is likely to mediate central nervous system-specific neuromedin U effects.
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