Sir2 and Hst1 are NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases involved in transcriptional repression in yeast. The two enzymes are highly homologous yet have different sensitivity to the small-molecule inhibitor splitomicin (compound 1) (Bedalov, A., Gatbonton, T., Irvine, W. P., Gottschling, D. E., and Simon, J. A. (2001) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98, 15113-15118). We have now defined a critical amino acid residue within a small helical module of Hst1 that confers relative resistance to splitomicin. Parallel cell-based screens of 100 splitomicin analogues led to the identification of compounds that exhibit a higher degree of selectivity toward Sir2 or Hst1. A series of compounds based on a splitomicin derivative, dehydrosplitomicin (compound 2), effectively phenocopied a yeast strain that lacked Hst1 deacetylase while having no effect on the silencing activities of Sir2. In addition, we identified a compound with improved selectivity for Sir2. Selectivity was affirmed using whole-genome DNA microarray analysis. This study underscores the power of phenotypic screens in the development and characterization of selective inhibitors of enzyme functions.
Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research
Choose a citation style from the tabs below