Identification of SNAREs Involved in Synaptotagmin VII-regulated Lysosomal Exocytosis

  • Rao S
  • Huynh C
  • Proux-Gillardeaux V
 et al. 
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Ca2+-regulated exocytosis of lysosomes has been recognized recently as a ubiquitous process, important for the repair of plasma membrane wounds. Lysosomal exocytosis is regulated by synaptotagmin VII, a member of the synaptotagmin family of Ca2+-binding proteins localized on lysosomes. Here we show that Ca2+-dependent interaction of the synaptotagmin VII C(2)A domain with SNAP-23 is facilitated by syntaxin 4. Specific interactions also occurred in cell lysates between the plasma membrane t-SNAREs SNAP-23 and syntaxin 4 and the lysosomal v-SNARE TI-VAMP/VAMP7. Following cytosolic Ca2+ elevation, SDS-resistant complexes containing SNAP-23, syntaxin 4, and TI-VAMP/VAMP7 were detected on membrane fractions. Lysosomal exocytosis was inhibited by the SNARE domains of syntaxin 4 and TI-VAMP/VAMP7 and by cleavage of SNAP-23 with botulinum neurotoxin E, thereby functionally implicating these SNAREs in Ca2+-regulated exocytosis of conventional lysosomes.

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  • Swathi K. Rao

  • Chau Huynh

  • Veronique Proux-Gillardeaux

  • Thierry Galli

  • Norma W. Andrews

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