Identifying links between sexual violence and youth violence perpetration: New opportunities for sexual violence prevention

  • DeGue S
  • Massetti G
  • Holt M
 et al. 
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Abstract

Objective: One promising opportunity for advancing sexual violence (SV)
research and identifying new avenues for prevention involves examining
other forms of violence that may share risk factors with SV. Youth
violence (YV) is ideal for consideration given evidence of overlap in SV
and YV risk factors, a large set of established YV risk factors across
the social ecology, and the number of evidence-based YV prevention
strategies available. The current paper identifies shared and unique
risk factors for SV and YV and highlights evidence-based YV prevention
strategies that impact these shared risk factors. Conclusions:
Researchers and program developers should consider adapting and
evaluating evidence-based YV prevention strategies to prevent SV.
Modifying these programs to address SV's unique risk factors may
maximize their potential effectiveness. In addition, expanding SV
research at the outer levels of the social ecology is critical to
developing community-level prevention strategies. The YV literature
suggests several potential risk factors at these levels in need of
research for SV, including school connectedness, social disorganization,
and availability of alcohol and drugs. Using the YV literature as a
starting point for expanding SV research leverages prior investments in
YV research, may help identify new SV prevention strategies at a limited
cost, and moves the field more quickly toward implementation of
cost-effective, multidomain violence prevention strategies in
communities.

Author-supplied keywords

  • bullying
  • prevention
  • rape
  • risk factors

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Authors

  • Greta M. Massetti

  • Melissa K. Holt

  • Andra Teten Tharp

  • Linda Anne Valle

  • Jennifer L. Matjasko

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