Ileoanal pouch procedures in children

  • Fonkalsrud E
  • Thakur A
  • Beanes S
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Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to review the long-term experience with colectomy and the ileoanal pouch procedure (IAPP) in children from one hospital. Methods: Between 1977 and 2001, 168 children under 18 years of age underwent colectomy and IAPP. One hundred thirty-one had ulcerative colitis (UC). Twenty-six had familial colonic polyposis (FP), 9 had Hirschsprung's disease (HD), and 2 had colonic inertia. Ninety-seven had a J-pouch, 62 had a lateral pouch, and 9 had a straight pull-through (SP). The mean age was 13.9 years. Results: Complications within 2 years included pouchitis (16%), ileoanal strictures (14%), and adhesions (7%). There were no deaths. Fifty-six patients (33%) required reoperation, including 20 revisions of large pouches and 8 conversions of SP to pouches because of stool frequency. Six children (3.6%) had later pouch removal (3 had Crohn's disease). Stool frequency at 6 months was 3.8 (mean). At 6 months 5% had occasional soiling. Eighty-four percent can delay defecation over 11/2 hours; 82% can urinate without a bowel movement. With a mean follow-up of 11.2 years, 94.6% are functioning well. Conclusions: Colectomy with IAPP is the preferred operation for children with UC, FP, and selected HD. The J-pouch is the preferred technique because of simplicity of construction and sparsity of complications. © 2001 W.B. Saunders Company.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Colectomy
  • Familial colonic polyposis
  • Ileoanal pouch procedure
  • Ulcerative colitis

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Authors

  • Eric W. Fonkalsrud

  • Anjani Thakur

  • Steven Beanes

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