The Illusion of Presence in Immersive Virtual Reality during an fMRI Brain Scan

  • Hoffman H
  • Richards T
  • Coda B
 et al. 
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The essence of immersive virtual reality (VR) is the illusion it gives users that they are inside the computer-generated virtual environment. This unusually strong illusion is theorized to contribute to the successful pain reduction observed in burn patients who go into VR during woundcare ( and to successful VR exposure therapy for phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The present study demonstrated for the first time that subjects could experience a strong illusion of presence during an fMRI despite the constraints of the fMRI magnet bore (i.e., immobilized head and loud ambient noise).

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  • Hunter G. Hoffman

  • Todd Richards

  • Barbara Coda

  • Anne Richards

  • Sam R. Sharar

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