The present study examined the incremental effectiveness of imaginal flooding (IF) over standard psychotherapeutic and pharmacologic approaches in the treatment of combat-related PTSD. Evidence was found supportive of IF's effectiveness with regard to self-report symptoms directly related to the traumatic event(s), state anxiety, subjective anxiety in response to traumatic stimuli, and sleep disturbance. Flooding had no effect on level of depression or trait anxiety, indicating that it is a useful adjunctive treatment for PTSD but cannot likely be used as the sole vehicle of change. © 1989 Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy. All rights reserved.
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