Immediate and delayed transfer of training effects in statistical reasoning.

  • Fong G
  • Nisbett R
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Ss were trained on the law of large numbers in a given domain through the use of example problems. They were then tested either on that domain or on another domain either immediately or after a 2-wk delay. Strong domain independence was found when testing was immediate. This transfer of training was not due simply to Ss' ability to draw direct analogies between problems in the trained domain and in the untrained domain. After the 2-wk delay, it was found that (1) there was no decline in performance in the trained domain and (2) although there was a significant decline in performance in the untrained domain, performance was still better than for control Ss. Memory measures suggest that the retention of training effects is due to memory for the rule system rather than to memory for the specific details of the example problems, contrary to what would be expected if Ss were using direct analogies to solve the test problems.

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  • Geoffrey T. Fong

  • Richard E. Nisbett

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