The impact of affective states on the perception of dyspnea in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

  • von Leupoldt A
  • Taube K
  • Henkhus M
 et al. 
  • 1

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Dyspnea is the cardinal symptom of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Affective states can profoundly impact upon the perception of dyspnea, but little is known about this relationship in patients with COPD. We, therefore, examined the impact of viewing positive versus negative affective picture series on perceived dyspnea during two cycle ergometer exercise tests (CEET) in 30 patients with COPD. Whereas cardiopulmonary measures indicated comparable exercise intensity during both CEETs, parallel viewing of negative affective pictures resulted in increased dyspnea ratings compared to positive affective pictures. Regression analyses showed that only during positive picture viewing increases in the affective unpleasantness of dyspnea, but not in the sensory intensity of dyspnea, during CEETs were predictive of greater dyspnea during everyday activities and reduced health-related quality of life. The results suggest that negative affective states increase perceived dyspnea in patients with COPD and underline the importance of targeting the affect-dyspnea-relationship in this patient group.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Affect
  • Affect: physiology
  • Aged
  • Chronic Obstructive
  • Chronic Obstructive: physiopath
  • Chronic Obstructive: psychology
  • Dyspnea
  • Dyspnea: etiology
  • Dyspnea: psychology
  • Exercise Test
  • Exercise Test: adverse effects
  • Female
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Perception
  • Perception: physiology
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Photic Stimulation: methods
  • Pulmonary Disease
  • Quality of Life
  • Regression Analysis

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • Andreas von Leupoldt

  • K Taube

  • M Henkhus

  • B Dahme

  • H Magnussen

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free