Impact of DNA-surface interactions on the stability of DNA hybrids

  • Schreiner S
  • Hatch A
  • Shudy D
 et al. 
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Abstract

The structure and stability of single- and double-stranded DNA hybrids immobilized on gold are strongly affected by nucleotide–surface interactions. To systematically analyze the effects of these interactions, a set of model DNA hybrids was prepared in conformations that ranged from end-tethered double-stranded to directly adsorbed single-stranded (hairpins) and characterized by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) imaging, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), fluorescence microscopy, and near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy. The stabilities of these hybrids were evaluated by exposure to a series of stringency rinses in solutions of successively lower ionic strength and by competitive hybridization experiments. In all cases, directly adsorbed DNA hybrids are found to be significantly less stable than either free or end-tethered hybrids. The surface-induced weakening and the associated asymmetry in hybridization responses of the two strands forming hairpin stems are most pronounced...

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