The impact of intravenous corticosteroids with third molar surgery in patients at high risk for delayed health-related quality of life and clinical recovery

  • Tiwana P
  • Foy S
  • Shugars D
 et al. 
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Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare recovery for clinical and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes after third molar surgery in patients predicted to be at risk for delayed recovery, treated with or without intravenous (IV) corticosteroids at surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients at least 18 years of age and with all 4 third molars below the occlusal plane were given IV corticosteroids just before third molar surgery. Clinical and HRQOL outcomes of these patients were compared with those of a nonconcurrent control group who did not receive corticosteroids. No antibiotics were administered. The control group was selected using the same criteria and treated under the same surgical protocol as the corticosteroid group. Differences between the groups were assessed with Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel row mean score statistics. RESULTS: Sixty patients were in each cohort. The incidence of delayed clinical recovery, a postsurgery visit with treatment, was higher in the control group compared with the corticosteroid group. In the corticosteroid group, 6 patients (10%) had 1 postsurgery visit with treatment. In the control group without corticosteroids, 17 patients (28%) had at least 1 postsurgery visit with treatment (P = .01). Compared with the control group, nausea tended to bother patients less on postsurgery day 1 (P = .07); sleep was improved on postsurgery days 1 through 4 (P < .05). Though not statistically significant, corticosteroids reduced the patients reported recovery by at least 1 day for pain, lifestyle, and oral function. CONCLUSION: Administration of IV corticosteroids before third molar surgery without antibiotics does not hamper clinical recovery even when healthy adult patients are predicted to have delayed recovery. Overall, IV corticosteroid administration had a limited, but beneficial effect on HRQOL outcomes.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones [administration & dosage]
  • Adult[checkword]
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female[checkword]
  • Humans[checkword]
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Male[checkword]
  • Molar, Third [surgery]
  • Odds Ratio
  • Pain, Postoperative [prevention & control]
  • Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting [prevention & co
  • Preoperative Care
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Recovery of Function [drug effects]
  • Risk
  • Sr-oral
  • Tooth Extraction [methods] [psychology]

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Authors

  • P S Tiwana

  • S P Foy

  • D A Shugars

  • R D Marciani

  • S M Conrad

  • C Phillips

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