The impact of the prehistoric polynesians on the Hawaiian ecosystem

  • Intoh M
  • Wilmshurst J
  • Hunt T
 et al. 
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Abstract

Evidence obtained from archaeological and ancillary studies of paleoenvironment suggests that the prehistoric Polynesians had a far greater impact on the Hawaiian ecosystem than has heretofore been realized. Such impact began with the introduction, by Polynesians, of exotic plants and animals. The cumulative effects of forest clearance and habitat modification through the use of fire led to major changes in lowland ecology. Among the consequences of this transformation of the Hawaiian landscape were the extinction of endemic species, alteration of vegetation communities, and erosion.

Author-supplied keywords

  • ANTHROPOGENIC SOILS
  • Anthropocene
  • Aridity
  • Avian extinctions
  • BIOMARKERS.
  • Bioturbation
  • Boreholes
  • Chicken
  • Complex societies
  • Deforestation
  • Dog
  • Downward causation
  • Ecological complexity
  • Endemic vegetation
  • Evolution
  • Exchange
  • FREE SOIL LIPIDS
  • Faunal collapse
  • Faunal introduction
  • Forest loss
  • Group selection
  • Hawai'i
  • Household archaeology
  • Human colonization
  • Inclusive fitness
  • Increasing returns to scale
  • Inequality
  • Introduced plants
  • Invasion biology
  • Islands
  • Isolation
  • Landscape transformation
  • Mining
  • Multi-level selection
  • NEOLITHIC/BRONZE AGE LAND MANAGEMENT
  • NORTH ATLANTIC CULTURAL LANDSCAPES
  • Pacific Islands
  • Pacific islands
  • Paleoecology
  • Paleoenvironment
  • Palynology
  • Pig
  • Polynesia
  • Prehistoric colonization
  • Prehistoric rats
  • Rat
  • Rat gnawed seeds
  • Remote Oceania
  • SOIL MICROMORPHOLOGY
  • Seafaring
  • Settlement history
  • Sociobiology
  • Stocks and flows
  • Subsistence choices
  • Sustainability policy
  • Ultrasociality
  • Underground nuclear tests
  • accelerating technological change
  • anatomically modern humans
  • anthropocene
  • anthropogenic soils
  • anthropology
  • atlantic cultural landscapes
  • bronze age land management
  • cultural phylogeny
  • earthworks
  • environmental change
  • free soil lipids
  • geological time
  • global change
  • historical
  • hominin evolution and dispersals
  • human influence
  • industrial revolution
  • monumental architecture
  • near oceania
  • neolithic
  • north
  • palau
  • paleoenvironment
  • planetary boundaries
  • radiocarbon dating
  • remote oceania
  • soil micromorphology
  • voyaging

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