Drawing on coping resources theory, we evaluate the impact of a job search intervention on depressive symptoms in a randomized field experiment at three follow-up periods covering two and one-half years. Baseline depressive symptoms, low social assertiveness, and financial hardship were identified as significant risk variables predicting depressive symptoms at follow-up. These variables then were used to identify high- and low-risk individuals in both experimental and control groups. Results indicated that the job search intervention had its primary impact on persons identified as being at higher risk for depression. Furthermore, the intervention had an impact on both the incidence and prevalence of more severe depressive symptoms among high-risk individuals.
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