Impact of specific symptoms of spasticity on voluntary lower limb muscle function, gait and daily activities during subacute and chronic spinal cord injury

  • Bravo-Esteban E
  • Taylor J
  • Abi??n-Vic??n J
 et al. 
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BACKGROUND Although the spasticity syndrome is an important sensorimotor disorder, the impact of grade of lower limb muscle hypertonia, spasm and clonus activity on voluntary muscle function, gait and daily activities has not been systematically analysed during subacute and chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of spasticity signs and symptoms during SCI, and to assess their impact on motor function and activities. METHODS A descriptive transverse study of sixty-six subjects with SCI was performed by assessing injury characteristics, spasticity (modified Ashworth scale, Penn scale, SCATS scale) and motor function (lower limb manual muscle scores, WISCI II, spinal cord injury spasticity evaluation tool). RESULTS Most subjects with the spasticity syndrome presented lower limb hypertonia and spasms during both subacute and chronic SCI, interfering with daily life activities. Subjects with incomplete SCI and hypertonia revealed a loss of voluntary flexor muscle activity, while extensors spasms contributed strongly to loss of gait function. The Penn spasms scale no correlated with muscle function or gait. CONCLUSIONS Specific diagnosis of spasm activity during subacute SCI, and its impact on lower limb voluntary muscle activity, gait function and daily activities, is required to develop a more effective neurorehabilitation treatment strategy.

Author-supplied keywords

  • AIS
  • Spinal cord injury
  • flexor and extensor musce
  • hypertonia
  • manual muscle score
  • modified ashworth scale
  • penn scale
  • spasms
  • spasticity severity
  • spasticity syndrome
  • subacute and chronic spinal cord injury

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