Impacts of wildlife on household food security and income in Northeastern Tanzania

  • Kaswamila A
  • Russell S
  • Mcgibbon M
  • 55


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 12


    Citations of this article.


We evaluated the impacts of wildlife on household food security and income in three semi-arid villages adjacent to Lake Manyara National Park (LMNP) and Mkomazi Game Reserve (MGR) in Northeastern Tanzania. Survey data were collected using both household interviews and human-wildlife conflict related archive information from the village government offices. Crop destruction by wildlife influenced both household food security and cash income. Crop damage to households was, on average, 0.08 ton/annum, equivalent to two months household loss of food and reduced household cash income by 1.3%. A combination of measures is proposed as incentives for conservation. These include provision of economic incentives, soft loans to initiate non-farm (e.g., ecotourism, business enterprises) projects to ease dependency on natural resources, increasing of reserves buffer zones and fencing of reserves.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Food security
  • Human-wildlife conflicts
  • Lake Manyara National Park
  • Mkomazi Game Reserve
  • Tanzania

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text


  • Abiud Kaswamila

  • Shaun Russell

  • Mike Mcgibbon

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free