Implementation intentions, perfectionism, and goal progress: Perhaps the road to hell is paved with good intentions

  • Powers T
  • Koestner R
  • Topciu R
  • 82

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 56

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Two studies explored whether perfectionism moderates the impact of implementation intentions on goal progress. Study 1 used an implementation intention manipulation to examine the effects of these plans in interaction with perfectionism on the progress of New Year's resolutions. Study 2 added a repeated implementation intention condition and monitored affect and monthly goal progress. The results of both studies revealed a significant backfire effect of the implementation intentions on goal progress for participants high on a particular dimension of perfectionism (socially prescribed perfectionism). These perfectionists reported doing significantly worse at reaching their personal goals when they were asked to formulate implementation intentions than when they completed a control exercise. There also was evidence that implementation planning aroused negative affect for socially prescribed perfectionists. These results are the first to suggest that implementation planning may be contra-indicated for individuals with self-critical tendencies.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Goal progress
  • Implementation intentions
  • Implementation planning
  • Perfectionism
  • Self-criticism

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • Theodore A. Powers

  • Richard Koestner

  • Raluca A. Topciu

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free