Improving attitude-behavior correspondence through exposure to normative support from a salient ingroup

  • White K
  • Hogg M
  • Terry D
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Abstract

Examines the role of group norms on attitude-behavior consistency. Improvement on attitude and behavior upon exposure to supportive ingroup; Effect of social category enhancement on increase of attitude-behavior consistency; Significance of repeated expression of attitude on strengthening consistency.ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR Two experiments were conducted to test predictions derived from social identity/self-categorization theory concerning the role of group norms in attitude-behavior consistency. In Experiment 1, 160 students who could be classified as having a more or less certain target attitude were exposed to attitude congruent versus incongruent normative support from a relevant reference group (own university) under conditions of low versus high group salience. Experiment 2 was very similar in design and methodology (N = 180), but a different correlate of attitude accessibility was used (an experimental manipulation of repeated expression), the target attitude was changed, and the reference group was gender. Across the 2 experiments there was consistent support for the hypothesis that participants would behave more in accordance with their attitudes when they received normative support for, rather than opposition to, their original attitude from a relevant reference group (i.e., their ingroup, not an outgroup). There was slightly weaker support for the second hypothesis that this effect would be stronger under high- than low-salience conditions. The third hypothesis (see Fazio, 1986), that attitude certainty and repeated expression of the attitude would strengthen attitude-behavior consistency, was well supported, as was the expectation that accessibility effects would be independent of reference group norm effects on attitude-behavior consistency. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR

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Authors

  • Katherine M. White

  • Michael A. Hogg

  • Deborah J. Terry

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