Improving the frequency precision of oscillators by synchronization

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Improving the frequency precision by synchronizing a lattice of oscillators is studied in the phase reduction limit. For the most commonly studied case of purely dissipative phase coupling (the Kuramoto model) I confirm that the frequency precision of N oscillators perturbed by independent noise sources is improved by a factor N as expected from simple averaging arguments. In the presence of reactive coupling, such as will typically be the case for non-dissipatively coupled oscillators based on high-Q resonators, the synchronized state consists of target like waves radiating from a local source which is a region of higher frequency oscillators. In this state all the oscillators evolve with the same frequency, however I show that the improvement of the frequency precision is independent of $N$ for large $N$, but instead depends on the disorder and reflects the dependence of the frequency of the synchronized state on just those oscillators in the source region of the waves.

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  • M. C. Cross

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