Objective: To identify the incidence and risk factors associated with ADD (acute diarrheal disease) by rotavirus in children less than five years old. Materials and Methods:. It is a prospective study of descriptive character, consisting of 300 children under five years old; a survey designed by the researcher was applied and validated by experts and pilot testing. The stool sample was collected and rotavirus antigen was detected. Results: Of the 300 samples, 11.37% were positive and 88.96% were negative to rotavirus; 20.40% of tested children were taking antibiotics; 36.12% were breastfed; 78.26% reported consuming drinking water; 97.66% reported washing food before eating; 79.60% have received the vaccine for rotavirus; and finally 8.36% suffered some illness. According to the bivariate analysis with breastfeeding and clean water consumption variables, there is a positive direct correlation. Conclusion: It was determined that from the 300 samples, 11.37% were positive and 88.96% negative for rotavirus; it was also found that breastfeeding and sanitary measurements, such as consuming drinking water, are a protective factors against rotavirus.
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