A main indication for intracranial pressure monitoring is severe head trauma, where it acts as a diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic guide. Others indications for intracranial pressure monitoring are patients with CSF circulation disturbances, whatever the cause, and various pathologies inducing intracranial hypertension, such as encephalopathies. Intracranial pressure monitoring must be associated with the measurement of mean arterial pressure, arterial and jugular venous oxygen saturation and blood flow velocity in major intracranial arteries with transcranial Doppler sonography.
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