Journal article

Individual differences in dispositional expressiveness: Development and validation of the Emotional Expressivity Scale.

Kring A, Smith D, Neale J ...see all

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 66, issue 5 (1994) pp. 934-949

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Although emotional expressivity figures prominently in several theories of psychological and physi- cal functioning, limitations of currently available measurement techniques impede precise and eco- nomical testing of these theories. The 17-item Emotional Expressivity Scale (EES) was designed as a self-report measure of the extent to which people outwardly display their emotions. Reliability stud- ies showed the EES to be an internally consistent and stable individual-difference measure. Valida- tional studies established initial convergent and discriminant validities, a moderate relationship be- tween self-rated and other-rated expression, and correspondence between self-report and laboratory- measured expressiveness using both college student and community populations. The potential for the EES to promote and integrate findings across diverse areas of research is discussed.

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  • Ann M. Kring

  • David A. Smith

  • John M. Neale

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