Abstract Induction of labour describes the artificial stimulation of the onset of labour and occurs in up to 20% of pregnancies in the United Kingdom. Both mechanical and pharmacological methods of induction of labour exist. In the vast majority of women, the recommended method of induction of labour is by the use of vaginal prostaglandin E2. Induction of labour is associated with less maternal satisfaction and potentially increased rates of instrumental delivery and caesarean section compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery. Therefore, the decision for induction of labour should not be undertaken lightly and appropriate counselling of the mother and appropriate documentation of the provision of information in addition to the indications, risks, benefits and alternatives to induction of labour is advocated.
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