FERTILITY AND STERILITY, vol. 90, issue 6 (2008) pp. 2099-2106
Objective: To assess knowledge and attitudes about infertility through a
Design: Descriptive study with stratified random sampling.
Setting: Eighteen high schools were selected in Toronto, Ontario,
Patient(s): Seven hundred seventy-two students participated in the
study. The mean age of students was 17.5 +/- 0.98 years. Females were
49.02% (n = 377) of the sample. The sample was ethnically diverse,
consisting of > 13 groups.
Main Outcome Measure(s): The main outcome was infertility knowledge and
attitudes, Secondary analysis compared gender and socioeconomic status.
Result(s): The majority (608; 79%) of high school students were
familiar with the term infertility (95% confidence interval: 76%,
82%). More than 94% did not know that chlamydia or gonorrhea could
lead to infertility, Seventy percent felt that protecting their
fertility was important to them, with significantly more females feeling
this way. There was a higher proportion of students from schools with
low socioeconomic status who gave incorrect answers to knowledge-related
questions and were unaware of the association between sexually
transmitted infections and infertility.
Conclusion(s): Although the majority of students value their fertility,
knowledge about preventable factors causing infertility was limited.
Increased efforts are needed to educate students on factors that may
affect their fertility. (Fertil Steril(R) 2008;90:2099-106. (C) 2008 by
American Society for Reproductive Medicine.)
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