Inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms and increased risk of Parkinson disease

  • Wahner A
  • Sinsheimer J
  • Bronstein J
 et al. 
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and IL-1beta (interleukin 1beta) have a role in neuroinflammation, and functional polymorphisms in the TNF-alpha and IL-1beta genes may affect susceptibility to Parkinson disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether functional DNA polymorphisms of the TNF-alpha and IL-1beta genes affect the risk of PD. DESIGN: Population-based case-control study. SETTING: Three rural California counties (Fresno, Tulare, and Kern). PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred eighty-nine incident idiopathic PD cases and 269 population control subjects, marginally matched by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Genotypes of IL-1beta-511 and TNF-alpha-308. RESULTS: We observed a greater than 2-fold increased risk of PD among carriers of the homozygous variant genotype of IL-1beta-511 (odds ratio [OR], 2.26; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.27-4.02) and the homozygous variant genotype of TNF-alpha-308 (OR, 2.49; 95% CI, 0.90-6.85) and an almost 3-fold increased risk among carriers of the homozygous variant genotype for either or both polymorphisms (OR, 2.92; 95% CI, 1.66-5.16). CONCLUSIONS: A smaller magnitude of PD risk increase among carriers of the heterozygous genotype for either or both polymorphisms suggests a gene-dosing effect (OR, 1.45; 95% CI, 0.97-2.16; P

Author-supplied keywords

  • Aged Case-Control Studies Female Gene Dosage *Gene

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Authors

  • A D Wahner

  • J S Sinsheimer

  • J M Bronstein

  • B Ritz

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