Influence of Perceived Contextual Stress on Self-Esteem and Academic Outcomes in African American Adolescents

  • Cunningham M
  • Hurley M
  • Foney D
 et al. 
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This study investigated factors that influence academic success among high-achieving African American students who are exposed to many stressful life events that are often associated with life in many urban neighborhoods. The participants were 84 public high school students (mean age 16 yrs) in a large urban southwestern city. Ss completed the Life Events Questionnaire, the Children's Hassles Scale (an indication of parental monitoring), and the HARE Self-esteem Scale. Academic outcomes were measured by using the students' transcript grades. The results indicate that adolescent-perceived hassles were indications of parental monitoring in high-risk neighborhoods. Also, parental monitoring was positively related to self-esteem. Within an area-specific examination of self-esteem, the school component mediated the relation between stressful life events and grade point average. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

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  • M. Cunningham

  • M. Hurley

  • D. Foney

  • D. Hayes

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