Information, perspective, and judgments about the self in face and dignity cultures.

  • Haidt J
  • Koller S
  • Dias M
 et al. 
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Abstract

Three experiments were conducted trying to examine the self-assessment theory (Trope, 1983) in Japan. As self-assessment motivation seems to be derived from the independent construal of the self (Markus & Kitayama, 1991), it was hypothesized that the motivation will be suppressed by theinterdependent construal of the self which is ubiquitous in Japanese culture. Experiment 1 replicated self-assessment behavior, using the same manipulations as in the previous studies where the subjects felt almost no concern about interpersonal relationships. In Experiment 2, it was demonstrated that subjects displaying a high level of interdependency did not show self-assessment behavior in the conditions where interpersonal concerns were activated. On the other hand, the results in Experiment 3 did not reveal such suppression of self-assessment in the case of subjects who lacked the independent or interdependent construal of the self. These results suggested that Japanese subjects tend to inhibit their self-assessment motivation in favor of self-devaluation process.

Author-supplied keywords

  • 2008
  • 2009
  • Cross-cultural
  • Japanese culture
  • Korea
  • Self-evaluation
  • Self-presentation
  • adaptationism
  • agency
  • aggression management
  • altruism
  • altrusim
  • anglo-americans
  • arguably
  • asian americans vs
  • atheism
  • brain imaging
  • collectivism
  • compassion
  • conceptual domains
  • conceptual organization
  • conflict
  • construals of the self
  • cooperation
  • cross-cultural
  • cultural epistemologies
  • cultural values and practices
  • cultural view of the self
  • elevation
  • empathy
  • enhancement
  • ethics and metaethics
  • evolution
  • exciting recent developments in
  • experimental philosophy
  • face and dignity cultures
  • fairness
  • faith
  • first philosophy
  • folk theories
  • free will
  • gene-culture interaction
  • gratitude
  • guilt
  • in
  • independence
  • independent and interdependent
  • individualism
  • interdependence
  • is the ongoing scientific
  • judgments
  • justice
  • kindness
  • kinship
  • language
  • moral
  • moral internalization
  • moral learning
  • moral philosophy
  • naturalization of both normative
  • neuro-culture interaction
  • neuro-plasticity
  • one of the most
  • people see themselves through
  • perspective
  • prejudice
  • pride
  • privacy
  • prosociality
  • received december 2
  • reciprocity
  • religiosity
  • revision accepted august 27
  • second philosophy
  • self −devaluation
  • self−assessment theory
  • shame
  • soul
  • supernatural
  • the self
  • their own eyes and
  • through
  • trust

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Authors

  • J Haidt

  • S H Koller

  • M G Dias

  • Karl Aquino

  • Americus Reed

  • M. Foschi

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