Inhibition of cytokine secretion from adipocytes by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D₃ via the NF-κB pathway.

  • Mutt S
  • Karhu T
  • Lehtonen S
 et al. 
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Adipose tissue inflammation is an important pathological process in obese people, associated with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] inhibits cytokine secretion from adipocytes via direct inhibition of transcription factor nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). We utilized two different human models. Bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) differentiated into adipocytes, and adipocytes isolated from biopsies stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were treated with or without 1,25(OH)(2)D(3). Expression and secretion of interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured by quantitative RT-PCR analysis and ELISA. Assessment of NF-κB nuclear translocation, DNA binding activity was performed by immunofluorescence (IF) and electrophoretic mobility assay (EMSA). Inhibitor κB (IκB) and its phosphorylation were detected by Western blot (WB) analysis. Simultaneous 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) cotreatment significantly reduced LPS-stimulated (10 ng/ml) IL-6 secretion dose dependently by 15% at 10(-10) M and 26% at 10(-7) M (P

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  • Shivaprakash J. Mutt

  • Toni Karhu

  • Siri Lehtonen

  • Petri Lehenkari

  • Carsten Carlberg

  • Juha Saarnio

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