Inhomogeneous screening near the dielectric interface

  • Wang R
  • Wang Z
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Abstract

Screening is one of the most important concepts in the study of charged systems. Near a dielectric interface, the ion distribution in a salt solution can be highly nonuniform. Here, we develop a theory that self-consistently treats the inhomogeneous screening effects. At higher concentrations when the bulk Debye screening length is comparable to the Bjerrum length, the double layer structure and interfacial properties are significantly affected by the inhomogeneous screening. In particular, the depletion zone is considerably wider than that predicted by the bulk screening approximation or the WKB approximation. For asymmetric salts, the inhomogeneous screening leads to enhanced charge separation and surface potential.

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Authors

  • Rui Wang

  • Zhen Gang Wang

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